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BREEDER CONCERNS if you are looking for a Papillon puppy for salemuch has been written on how to find a reputable breeder, all in an attempt to put a stop to pet mills and abandoned dogs. But too many prospective puppy buyers are just as irresponsible as some breeders. So now, serious, quality breeders have taken steps to protect both their dogs and their privacy.
Times have changed a great deal, so have puppy buyers and breeders. More people live in apartments or have small yards. As the population ages and there are more `empty nests', demands for companion pets have changed. Small dogs that are easy to keep inside and dogs that require less exercise room are becoming more desirable. So why should looking for a Papillon puppy for sale be any different than looking for some of the more common, large breed dogs? Let's go step by step with an explanation from the breeder's point of view.
Pick of the litter. This comes from the large litters that big dogs can have. Large dogs can have 10 or more pups, while Papillon's may have 1 to 4 puppies in a litter. Large litters usually have a couple of large puppies and maybe a smaller "runt". The smallest puppy in a Papillon litter is usually small because of careful breeding, not the weakness usually thought of in "runts", these are also the most sought after. If the breeder has a waiting list, the best Papillon puppy will go to someone wanting a show Papillon. A person wanting a pet and only paying pet price will not get to "pick" the show Papillon puppy. A direct quote from Cornell University's DOG WATCH Newsletter, Vol.1, No. 8, Oct 97, states "No one has yet been able to find a direct correlation between a dog's behavior at seven weeks and at two years." Good breeders try to match the person with the puppy the buyer desires. Another quote from the same source states "good breeders who know their dogs and how to interview the prospective owners often can do a better job of picking the right pup than the prospective owners themselves."
Seeing the parents, many times only the mother of the Papillon puppy is available for the buyer to see. Good breeders often go to someone with a superior male to improve the quality of their Papillons. Buyers should not be discouraged to see only one parent of the puppy. Buyers may not understand the toll that having puppies takes on the mother. If she is a long-haired breed, she may have been clipped by the owner for her comfort and for the good of the pups. She will not look ready for the show ring at the time the pups are ready to go. These things need to be considered when seeing the parents of a Phalene or Papillon puppy.
Viewing the kennel or home, this is where the greatest change is taking place today. Papillons are more popular than ever. A buyer usually does not realize the number of calls a breeder who has Papillon puppies for sale can get every day from people who just want to see what Papillons look like, with no intention of buying a puppy. Directly related stories and personal experiences of breeders indicate that potential buyers and "window shoppers" abuse this piece of advice the most! Breeders have outside jobs, family obligations and, of course, the Papillons they are rarely sitting around for the sole convenience of visitors! Here are just a few ways that the words "kennel inspection" have been interpreted and abused by some claiming to be looking for Papillon puppies for sale: they are on vacation and in your town. They phone and want to see your puppies (in the next 15 minutes) ---only because you happen to be nearby when they run out of sights to see! OR a family or friend is visiting for the weekend, so looking at your puppies would be a good way to pass the time. OR, the grandkids are visiting and it is time to take them out for a while! Go to this wed site to read experiences other breeders have had http://www.pixiedustpapillons.com/example_papillons_phalene.html
None of these people called to make an appointment. None had any desire to buy a Papillon They used the "kennel inspection" excuse to treat the breeder like a free petting zoo, there to entertain them when they have nothing else to do. Now add to this the number of people who are truly doing their best to find the right puppy for sale for them...
Breeders have other things to worry about in addition to inconsiderate, bored window shoppers. Puppy diseases are easily spread by even the most casual contact. The best breeders will not allow their puppies to be seen or handled until the puppy has had its first shots, usually not before 5 weeks old. By this time, the breeder may have deposits on the puppies from people who are more familiar with the breed and the breeder's pedigrees. This can be frustrating to the pet buyer who is taking the advice usually printed about finding a breeder with Papillon puppies for sale.
Buyers should not be offended if the breeder suggests a first meeting at a dog show or other place. This gives the breeder time to meet the potential owner of one of their precious babies, and gives the buyer the chance to see other Papillons.
Unless the breeder is also a public groomer or boarding kennel, they may not carry the type of insurance that would protect them from minor lawsuits. This can be a problem when people insist on bringing a small child or their current dog to see the puppies. Children have been known to wander around the breeder's home, peering into kitchen cabinets, pulling flowers and bulbs from the garden, and even attempting to enter bedrooms, basements and garages! Careless parents have handed small puppies to a child, only to have the child drop the puppy and break its leg!
Some adults are worse (because they should know better). They do not seem to understand that they are in a breeders HOME, and do not respect the breeder's privacy. Some breeder's do not allow others to see or handle puppies that have a deposit on them, as these puppies are now the property of others. This disturbs some buyers, but remembers, the breeder will protect the puppy YOU buy from strangers. There are some people who do not know when to leave. The breeder may have to go to work, cook supper, answer the phone or any number of life's activities.
Then there are the breeder's nightmare-thieves! I am a member of a large, all-breed, show-sponsoring club. At our last show, flyers had to be posted warning owners to watch their dogs because of a recent rash of dog thefts. Papillons are popular, hard to get and easy to carry off! Breeders have had puppies stolen from their home when they went to answer the phone while the "prospective" buyers were looking at the puppies. Others have lost puppies after showing the puppies, only to have the "buyer" return when the owner was not home, to break in a steal all the puppies. Even more disturbing, some have had their home robbed of personal property several days after showing the puppies and allowing a "kennel inspection", even though they had NO kennel, just a spare room for the puppy nursery. All because they had a Papillon puppy for sale.
There are some very dedicated breeders who live alone. In society today, they have to exercise even more caution to insure their safety and peace of mind. They may not desire to have a stranger visit, but they may still be producing wonderful puppies. To not consider one of these simply because you cannot go to their home may deprive you of the very Papillon puppy you are searching for!
Some want to bring cameras and take pictures of the puppies and the home.
This is truly an invasion of privacy! Besides the obvious objection to this, the pictures may not be well taken. Many breeders go to great pains to have quality pictures taken of their dogs. If you want pictures, ask for some from the breeder, they will be happy to give you good ones. If you buy a Papillon puppy, do not take photos at the breeder's home without permission. After all, the puppy will not change in the time it takes for you to get to your own home.
References. This is another area that needs to be re-considered. All the things that apply to the breeder also apply to those who own a puppy. They did not get a Papillon puppy so that strangers can call or even attempt to visit to see a dog that they bought as a family pet. Add to this, that this is probably the most inaccurate way to determine a breeder's quality. Anyone can give you the phone number of a friend. Even Vets do not make good references, as many have no idea of the standard for the breed, although they should be knowledgeable on health matters.
A much better way to compare breeders who have Papillon puppies for sale is to look at the guarantee that they offer. Do not expect every guarantee to be the same.
Breeding practices have changed because of buyer education. Now buying practices need to adjust to better serve the buying public and protect the breeder and puppies
So what should you expect to do to get a great Phalene or Papillon puppy? First, know the breed. Do not expect the breeder to supply you with a library of information simply because you have a casual interest or are investigating several breeds. Call the National Breed Club and see what information they will send you. Go to the library and read up on the breed if you know nothing about it. If you have never seen the breed, go to a dog show, It is not the breeder's job to put on a private show of all their dogs just because they may have puppies for sale. You are not entitled to see all their Papillons --only the parents! Then you will be prepared to ask the breeder specific questions relating to their dogs and your desires.
Dog or Butterfly?
A Breed Profile By Liz Palika
I was talking to a friend of mine one day when she asked what type of dog I had. I told her ?Papillon'. "What kind of a dog is that?" she asked, again I told her "a Papillon", waiting for what always followed. "A pappy-what?"
Papillon (pronounced PAPPY yawn) owners quickly get used to the attention these little dogs attract. At Pet Smart I am approached by people who ask if my dog is a longhaired Chihuahua, a Chihuahua mix or a short-coated Pomeranian. Although some people might say there is a slight resemblance to either breed, the American Kennel Club breed standard describes the Papillon is "a small, friendly, elegant toy dog of fine-boned structure; light dainty and of lively action; distinguished from other breeds by its beautiful butterfly-like ears."
Most Papillons are between 8 and 11 inches tall at the shoulder, and are predominately white with patches of color. Their coloring ranges from black to brown to yellow, and must surround the eyes and cover the ears. Most Papillons have patches of color on the body, but some are entirely white except for the color on the head.
A Papillon coat is silky and of medium length, and slightly longer around the ruff and chest. Many breeders call the Papillon coat "wash and wear" because it does not require extensive grooming and does not mat or tangle. It does, however, require regular combing. The dogs carry their plumed tails over their backs.
But the Papillon's trademark is its ears. Moving constantly to reflect the dog's thoughts and emotions, the ears stand erect, are set high on the head and are draped in long fringes, thus creating the image of butterfly wings. The Papillon is a striking little dog with many good qualities, but the breed's personality is what attracts many people.
A ROYAL HISTORY
The Papillon is one of the oldest breeds of dogs, with a recorded history in Europe going back nearly 700 years. The Papillon was originally called the epagneul nain, or dwarf spaniel, and sported spaniel-type drop ears. The dog was later known as the Continental Toy Spaniel (or sometimes just toy spaniel), and this tiny breed is recognizable in 13th through 15th century Italian frescoes. It was featured in many paintings of the Renaissance period; in fact, much of the breed's development is know because of its depiction in paintings.
Giotto di Bondone (1276-1337) painted a recognizable dwarf spaniel in one of his frescoes in a church of Assisi, and the great master Titian (1477-1576) also was known to paint the tiny dogs. Dwarf spaniels are included in the works of many other old masters, including Rubens, Watteau, Fragonard and Boucher.
It was during the Renaissance that dogs began to be kept solely for the companionship they provided. Of course, few people could afford to keep a dog that didn't earn its keep; a companion dog was a luxury usually limited to the upper classes.
King Louis XIV is probably the most famous owner of the dwarf spaniel, mainly because they were included in most of his family portraits. The portrait "Louis XIV and His Heir", painted by Nicolas de Largilliere (1656-1746), included all of Louis' dwarf spaniels.
Madame Pompadour and Marie Antoinette also owned dwarf spaniels. According to legend, Marie Antoinette even took one of the little dogs to the guillotine with her and just before she was beheaded handed it to her executioner. If poor Marie cared much about her dogs, though, I doubt she would have taken one with her to such an appointment.
In fact, it was during Marie Antoinette's time - the French Revolution - which the dwarf spaniel's popularity began to wane primarily because it had been so popular with royalty. But the breed survived, and its popularity rose again in France, Belgium and England in the late 1800s and early 1900s.
It is unknown where the name Papillon first appeared in print, but in the late 1800s it became acceptable to refer to the erect-eared dog as a Papillon (French for "butterfly") because it resembled the wings of a butterfly, and the facial markings, particularly the blaze, resembled the insect's body. The drop-eared type was called a Phalene, or "night moth".
The Papillon Club was formed in England in 1924. At that time, both the erect-eared and drop-eared breeds were seen, but both were grouped under the name Papillon. The erect-eared carriage eventually became more popular.
The first known Papillons in America were imported by Mrs. William Storr Wells of Massachusetts in 1907. A year later she gave these two dogs to Mrs. de Forest Danielson who imported several more Papillons. She later bred the dog that was to become the first American champion Papillon. The breed was recognized by the AKC in 1915.
Most breeders would prefer to keep the Papillon's appeal a secret. No breed profits from popularity; indiscriminate breeders taking advantage of popular demand often turn out unhealthy dogs of poor temperament.
The Papillon is classified as a toy dog. Its small size makes it a wonderful city dog, and most will readily take to regular walks on city streets. Not all Papillons make good apartment dogs, however. The dogs have a strong instinct to protect their property, and many will bark excessively at nearby noises - not making a distinction between casual noises and those worthy of a real alarm. Although they are easily trained, their barking is often difficult to control.
The breed reveals its spaniel heritage when out of the city. It's a rare Papillon that doesn't relish a romp in a field, investigating scents and flushing birds. Many Papillons have retained their hunting instinct and will readily flush a mouse or lizard from its cover.
The Papillon is extremely hardy, but puppies should be closely supervised, because a tumble down a staircase or a jump from a sofa might result in a broken leg. By the time the dog is an adult, though, it is surprisingly resilient.
No matter how resilient, though, Papillons should always be supervised when playing with larger dogs - even friendly ones - because a larger dog can inadvertently hurt or kill a dog the size of a Papillon. Even an aggressive self-defense by such a small dog is no match for the response of a large dog.
The Papillon is a healthy breed, living as long as 16 years, but it does have its share of problems. As with many small dogs, some Papillons have a problem with the patella, or kneecap, on the hind legs. Normally, the patella is attached to ligaments and rides in a groove, but sometimes the patella wobbles in the groove and catches, causing the dog to hop or skip on that hind leg until it resets. Occasionally the patella will completely pop out of the groove, causing the dog great pain. A veterinarian can sometimes correct the disorder surgically, but most of the time a dog with a tricky patella learns to live with it, hopping and skipping through life. Dogs with patella problems should not be bred.
A condition common too many toy breeds that are sometimes seen in Papillons are called a fontanel: an opening in the top of the skull similar to a human baby's "soft spot". If the opening is less than one-quarter inch wide when the puppy is young, it will probably close with time. If the opening is larger during puppy-hood or if you can feel such an opening on the adult dog, it probably won't close naturally. In this case, the dog's head should be protected as much as possible - a blow to that spot could kill the dog. With proper care, a dog with a fontanel can live a full life, but again, these dogs should not be bred.
Papillons can also have a difficult time while under anesthesia. There is always a risk involved when using anesthesia - for a human patient or a canine one.
IS THIS DOG FOR YOU?
The Papillon is not a dog to be chosen simply because you like its looks, no matter how appealing the dog might be. And, although its "wash and wear" coat might be a selling point for some people, that should not be the reason you choose this particular breed. When you decide on a Papillon, you should remember that it was bred to be a companion dog - a dog that would rather be with you than anywhere else in the world.
My Papillon, Blossom, is a good example of a companion dog. She sits by my side on the couch when I watch the nightly news, she watches intently when I wash dishes and she waits outside the shower stall when I'm taking a shower. She is also in my lap when I work on the computer
A companion dog is exactly that: a companion. A companion dog that is left alone for long hours is an unhappy dog - a dog that will develop behavior problems (barking, digging, chewing, sometimes even self-mutilation) out of loneliness and frustration. If you dislike a canine shadow, a Papillon is not for you.
Papillons are known to form lasting attachments to other pets in the household, however, and this can be a means of relieving loneliness when family members are gone. Other Papillon owners have said that their dogs have befriended rabbits, birds, ferrets and, in one case, a pet rat.
Just because the Papillon is a companion dog doesn't mean it is a couch potato, however. It's an active, intelligent little dog, and if you don't provide some mental stimulation, the Papillon will find its own. Because of this attitude and its strong desire to please its human companion, the Papillon is an excellent dog to do things with.
The Papillon is the most popular toy breed in obedience, and it's not unusual to hear of a Papillon winning High Scoring Dog in Trial awards. Papillons can be involved in other sports, too. Papillons are active in agility, which involves a combination of a jumping course, a playground and an obstacle course. Naturally, the tiny dogs cannot jump high, but with the jumps set low, they seem to fly over many of the obstacles. Many Papillons are also natural retrievers and will retrieve balls, toys and miniature 4-inch Frisbees. Papillons have been taught to pull tiny carts, often with another Papillon riding inside.
Papillons are excellent therapy dogs to take to hospitals, nursing and convalescent homes.
One of the drawbacks to doing things with Papillons is that many of these tiny dogs don't realize that with their size come limitations. Some will attempt to go over jumps that are much too high or want to pull a wagon that is much too heavy. Sometimes their desire to please is just too strong. Nevertheless, if you like dog activities and you enjoy a dog's companionship; a Papillon might be the dog for you.
WHO SHOULDN'T HAVE A PAPILLON?
If you like to play rough-and-tumble games with your dog, don't get a Papillon. If you are looking for a guard dog, don't get a Papillon. If you want to do protection training, Shutzhund training or field training, don't get a Papillon. If you want a backyard dog, don't get a Papillon. If you want to make money breeding dogs, don't get a Papillon.
These types of dog owners usually steer clear of toy breeds, but unfortunately, the desires of another group of potential owners have clashed with the better judgment of reputable breeders, causing hard feelings. But breeders remain firm.
FINDING A PAPILLON
Buy your Papillon from a breeder who offers to show you relatives of your prospective puppy. This way, you can be assured of the dog's future health, soundness and temperament. A reputable breeder will also ask questions: Why do you want a Papillon? Where will it live? Do you have a fenced yard? What is the family like? Don't be offended by the questions, however. The breeder just wants to make sure her puppy is going to the best home possible and that you are willing to make a lifetime commitment to the pup.
When looking for a Papillon, don't let one specific quality over-ride what should be a well-balanced choice. For example, a red-and-white male with lots of color and an oh-so-cute personality might be an unsuitable match in other ways. Instead, be prepared to tell the breeder about your personality and what you would like to do with the pup. You need to consider whether you want a dog that will perform well for obedience and agility, or a dog that will easily adapt to being a quiet house pet, preferring long walks to competition. The breeder can then choose a puppy whose personality and temperament are best suited to your needs. Color and the puppy's sex are much less important.
You can contact the Papillon Club of America for a copy of the club's breeder referral list. But because finding a Papillon can be a time-consuming project, the first order of business is patience. Don't be in a hurry. Papillons usually have two or three puppies per litter, but it's not unusual to have only one puppy. Many breeders maintain waiting lists of prospective owners, and a wait of a year or more is not uncommon.
It is unusual to find a Papillon at a shelter or humane society, but it has happened occasionally. If your heart is not set on a puppy, you might try contacting the Papillon Club of America rescue committee.
If you choose your Papillon puppy with care, your patience will be rewarded. This is a long-lived breed, and the dog you choose will be with you for 14 to 16 wonderful years. This breed has been a cherished and pampered pet throughout its long and colorful history, and it has given much in return.
HEALTH CONCERNS for Papillons
While not technically a disease, hypoglycemia is not uncommon in the smaller Papillons, both puppies and adults. Because it is life threatening and yet easy to resolve, we have an entire page on HYPOGLYCEMIA.
As a whole, Papillons are a healthy, long-lived breed. But there are several illnesses that Papillon breeders are working to eliminate. Liver shunts, PRA and PL are the most known at this time.
PL is patellar luxation, or bad rear knees. This can cause Papillons to limp and severely impairs the Papillons quality of life. This condition may be repaired by surgery. Checking for PL should be done after Papillons have had time to mature, as PL can be easily misdiagnosed at too early an age.
PL is the most common affliction seen in American bred Papillon puppies. Many Scandinavian countries have eliminated this problem by selective breeding of Papillons.
Liver shunts are not as common, but do show up in some Papillon bloodlines. This can be detected fairly early in Papillon puppies, so there is no reason for this problem to continue in Papillons.
PRA is probably the most talked about, and least understood, by most. PRA is Progressive Retinal Atrophy, causing night blindness in Papillons. Because it is usually a late-onset disease, it rarely leads to total blindness in Papillons. PRA is different in every breed. The best way to detect PRA is by a check from A Veterinary Ophthalmologist. They can examine the Papillon in 2 ways, a CERF exam, that is good for one year, and an ERG, when , if done at the right age, is good for life. Age at time of exam is quite important, because there is no way to tell the difference between PRA caused by old age and PRA that is genetically transmitted. Many Papillon breeders with little knowledge of PRA claim that it is transmitted by Swedish Papillons. Nothing could be further from the truth! Just because these countries have the high ethics to require testing, and
America does not, has made them a target for the less informed, many of whom do not bother to test any of their Papillon puppies.
There are a number of Universities in the USA currently searching for a way to DNA test for carriers of PRA, But this appears to be far into the future.
Another misconception about testing for PRA is that Cornell is the only place that has a reliable testing method. Testing done by most DACVO Vets--Diplomate American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists--are just as accurate and reliable as any done at Cornell.
As your puppy starts growing, he or she will begin to show signs of teething. This will occur around 4-5 months of age. This tends to be uncomfortable for the puppy and they will often want to chew on things to ease this irritation. There are a few ways you can help ease the pain for your new Papillon pup. Make chicken soup ice cubes and place them in a bowl or hand them off to your teething puppy. As your Papillon puppy tries to chew the cubes, he or she will numb the gums and mouth.
Another option is to soak a clean rag and then place it in the freezer; your puppy can use this to chew on to help ease the pain. This period of time can be quite painful for your puppy, and sometimes bleeding may occur. It is important to discourage your Papillon puppy from chewing on objects in the home. At times the pup will even try to chew on your arms and legs. The teething process causes a great deal of discomfort for your Papillon puppy, using the frozen compress or the ice cubes can help ease the pain.
Dog Show Crud
--> Please note<-- This is NOT a Campylobacter infection. To read more about campylobacter, please visit Campylobacter .Note from Woodhaven Labs: When my dogs were ill with this, we did a test for Campylobacter bacteria and it was negative.Dog show crud is NOT Campylobacter.There are some sites which are saying that the crud is Campy, but that information is incorrect.
"The Crud" is a Bacterial overgrowth in the digestive tract. It will sometimes test low positive for Parvovirus. It is NOT a new form of Parvo although symptoms are quite similar to Parvo. Crud dogs do not have a high temperature, nor will they have intestinal lesions. If a normal fecal is run on feces which are not quite to the watery and bloody stage, it will show a very high bacterial content and will be negative for Parvo (usually).
Any one of the normal bacteria found in the digestive tract will go into overgrowth. The mystery is what triggers it. Possibly infected urine/feces or something brought in on shoes or clothing or from a visiting dog. We know what cures it and what to do when a dog hasn't been treated quick enough. And of course we know the end results with a dog that dies of it.
Symptoms start 12-48 hrs after initial contact (usually) and may spread to other dogs rapidly.
Dogs are alert, hungry, & energetic. Normal feces starts with mucus sheath, continues to get progressively softer until becomes explosive diarrhea. Vomiting may or may not accompany. Feces have a sweet/flowery aroma along with a "slaughterhouse-on-a-summer-day" smell. Feces are *usually* mustard colored then become bloody. Dogs dehydrate at an astounding rate. Dogs are also at risk of intussusceptions.
The younger or weaker the dog, the worse it is. Some dogs may never get it, even though they may be kenneled with an affected dog. Some dogs also get over this without treatment.
The key is to treat this as fast as possible before the dogs go anorexic AND to treat ALL dogs on the premises (non-affected dogs should get ONE capsule). Treatment is 250mg Cephalexin per 25lbs of body weight. Pups may get Ceph-drops. This MUST be given orally NOT I/V - it MUST go thru the digestive tract. If the dog vomits the pill up, just give it again until it stays down. Give another dose approx 8-12 hrs later. If the dog returns to normal DO NOT medicate again.
DO NOT use an IV drip on a Crud dog. Their circulatory systems will be very depressed; *if* a vein can be found, it may not be able to support an IV. Use Lactated Ringers Solution SUB-Q and force electrolytes orally (pedialyte).
I have to stress not to continue the drug after the dogs stop the diarrhea. The important thing is to treat them ONLY until the symptoms stop. Also, sometimes affected Crud dogs are not able to handle IV support because of circulatory collapse from massive dehydration. What a quandary since IV is the fastest way to rehydrate. So giving fluids under the skin is best & ONLY give until the drug starts to work. Afterwards IV is fine. Since the drug works so quickly, this is not too much of an issue. The whole point is to keep them "going" until the drug has time to work - usually a few short hours.
IV rehydration HAS thrown Crud affected dogs into deep shock and has also found some dogs having a complete shutdown of renal system, leakage of renal and intestinal fluids into various organs, circulatory and intestinal ruptures, etc. Not sure this was directly related to being IV'd but in every instance this has occurred directly after IV support was started. It is not the case when there was no IV support.
Also, DO NOT flea-dip/worm/vaccinate at this time, PLEASE!!!!!
Do NOT automatically assume Parvo when you see this. This is NOT Parvo, it is a BACTERIAL overgrowth in the digestive tract. Do NOT use Amoxicillin. Dogs should show improvement within hours of treatment using the correct drug.
You may re-print this in its entirety as long as the following disclaimer is included.
(Disclaimer: This information has been compiled from reports received by treating veterinarians and owners. The information written is what has worked previously. This information should be taken to any veterinarian who is treating dogs with this problem. No one that does not have veterinary training should diagnose and medicate their own dogs).
Anesthesia for Papillion's
Written by Dr.Lisa Carpenter DVM
I am a veterinarian and would like to help others understand the facts behind some of the medical issues that are of concern to Papillion owners. I feel I should offer some additional and more up to date information to clarify the various issues about anesthesia for Papillion's. I will try to keep it brief First of all, Isoflurane is now widely used as the best anesthetic for all dogs, and not just Papillion's .You should expect it. It is no more expensive than the other older gas anesthesia's. Second, a fairly safe induction drug (to allow the pet to become unconscious so a tube can be put in the windpipe to aid in oxygen and gas delivery) combination is ketamine and valium. I have used these almost exclusively for over 13 years with almost no problems. This combination is even safe for many heart problem patients. Of course, dosing is done only to effect. We wait to see if we need to give all of a precalculated dose. Some patients will be more quiet and won't need the entire dose. For very old patients or those with kidney disease, I may just anesthetize with masked Isoflurane avoiding inject able drugs. There are also numerous new drugs available for complicated cases. You should, of course, follow the advice of your own veterinarian regarding your Papillion's special needs. There is never only one good way to perform anesthesia. Third, narcotics, such as Numorphan (oxymorphone), morphine and butorphanol are all pain medications. They are not meant to be the only anesthetic used. If your Papillion will need dental extractions, pain meds will be needed but other drugs must be used in addition. Fourth, I do not believe you will find any veterinary dentists (board certified) who would ever recommend cleaning of the teeth under only light sedation. This is a very discomforting procedure when done correctly and you cannot do a good job if the dog is awake. I understand some Papillion's may be more tolerant but I would personally never recommend cleaning without full gas anesthesia. Fifth, what has been lacking in this discussion is information about monitoring the anesthesia. Use of Doppler blood pressure monitors, EKGs and pulse oximeters and fully trained technicians to check heart rate, respiratory rate and depth of anesthesia is essential to assure prevention of complications. More dogs will die due to rapidly lowered blood pressure (hypotension) than due to many other factors. Most anesthesia drugs will lower the blood pressure. Only by monitoring, will the technicians and doctors know to lower anesthesia or start fluids to control blood pressure better. Also, all dogs, but especially the toy breeds need to be on circulating hot water blankets to maintain body temperature-another reason for difficulties with anesthesia recovery. Finally, all of these precautions and procedures do not come cheap. I understand that for those of you with many Papillion's, the costs for a proper dental prophylaxis and cleaning will be high. However, I am guessing that everyone who has lost a dog to anesthesia would have gladly paid the going rate to have their dog back. I do not intend any disrespect to any veterinarian or breeder who chooses their own personal procedures and standards; I just thought I would offer my opinion to those who are not aware of many of the latest in anesthesia protocols. For what it is worth, I have never had to anesthetize a Papillion (not many in my area), however, never have I read or heard that they should have any more or any less anesthetic deaths when proper, modern anesthesia protocols are used. Anesthesia has always and will always carry some risk. Even the best protocols, doctors and monitoring may still lead to the loss of a patient. This is tragic and sad. For those of you who have lost a pet this way, I send my heartfelt sympathies and understanding. This is the phone call no vet ever wants to make and I assure you, we never forget those we lose. We take every one of them to heart. I offer this information as a way to know what questions to ask to better avoid problems so no one loses these precious pets.
Training your Papillon puppy is about communication. Even Papillon dogs can't speak human language, so you have to teach your Pap what's good and what's bad with a more structured system of rewards and corrections. The methods used to train your puppy can be divided into three stages: motivation, correction, and distraction.
The first step of teaching your Papillon puppy behaviors you desire is associating them with rewards your puppy desires. When your dog does something you like, such as correctly obeying a verbal command, you reward him with a treat and affection. The treat should be a healthy bit of food that can be eaten quickly so your puppy doesn't get distracted from the lesson by chewing and tearing at it. You can also use the treat to guide your puppy's attention to the focus of the lesson. When displaying affection toward your doggie-in-training, be enthusiastic! Your puppy needs to want the rewards as much as you want the behavior. You can also buy a clicker device to click at the same time you give a treat. If you use them together, the clicker becomes a consistent, clear signal that the puppy has done something right, even after you no longer use food rewards.
Start simple; if you're training your puppy to sit, you'll have to guide him, reward him, and worry about staying later. Early training sessions should be short and to the point in a quiet, focused environment inside your home. Once your puppy seems to be learning the first part of the command you want to teach, add the second part to it, and so on. Also, as your puppy learns a part of what you want to teach, scale back the food rewards; you eventually want your puppy to follow your commands without food always in hand. Don't move too fast for your Papillon puppy to keep up mentally, and remember to keep these three training steps no more than seconds apart:
If you wait too long between the command, response, or reward, your puppy won't understand how they fit together. Also, be sure to keep your commands short, distinct, and regular. Your puppy will remember a command exactly as you said it in training, so keep it brief and clear.
Once your puppy learns the initial expected behavior without a treat, you need to correct any mistakes your puppy makes, like standing too early after being told to sit and stay. Continue to reward good behavior, but when your puppy slips up, give a consistent signal of disappointment (a verbal "oops" or "uh-uh!"), no reward, and correct the behavior. Your puppy will associate his mistake with the "oops" signal and getting no treat, and avoid it. Remember that you must show your puppy how to do it right, and not just hold back rewards. Again, correction training should be done in longer and longer time spans. For example, reward your puppy for staying 2 seconds, then 5, and so on, until you're satisfied with her behavior.
Now that your puppy knows what to do and what not to do, bring your training sessions from your quiet, distraction-free environment out into the real world. Your puppy must learn to ignore noises, movement, and other distractions when you give a command, using similar techniques to the correction stage. Still, keep the lessons gradual. Don't move straight from a silent room to a city street!
Once your Papillon puppy is trained to obey your simple commands without slipping outside your home, it's time for your reward: a well-trained dog!
Once your Papillon puppy is trained to obey your simple commands without slipping outside your home, it's time for your reward: a well-trained dog!
Once your Papillon puppy has mastered some training, you can start to teach your pup some basic puppy tricks. The most common trick is the catching trick. This involves you teaching your Papillon puppy to follow simple commands from you. You will want to keep the puppy in a sit-stay position and then toss a plush toy in your puppy's direction. You do not want to throw the toy upwards into the air just in his general direction. Your puppy should aim to catch the toy in his mouth. Once this trick has been established, you can move on to a more difficult trick.
The more advanced trick is the finding trick. For this one you will want to keep your puppy in the sit-stay position again and show him the plush toy. You will want to then show him that you are hiding the toy under a chair or pillow and then say to your puppy "Where is the toy??" "Go find it!" Your puppy should start to become attentive and then search for the toy in the spot that you hid the toy. If he does not search for it, you should help him by pointing and moving things away to get to the hidden toy. After a few tries your puppy should catch on.
This next trick is one will be fairly easy for your puppy to perform. This is the rolling over trick. Papillon breeders can attest that Papillon puppies love to roll around and wiggle by nature, so by giving one simple command like "roll over" and then moving your puppy to that position, your puppy will begin to understand that "roll over" means that he should get into the position you have desired for him. You always want to give great praise when your Papillon performs the trick correctly. This will insure that you will get the correct response in the future.
Once these fun tricks have been mastered you can teach your puppy a more challenging trick. This trick is the trust trick. It involves you placing a biscuit on your puppy's nose and balancing it there. This may take a few tries until you can get it just right without your puppy moving about. Once the biscuit is balanced you will want to then put your hand out in a stay position so that your dog will not move about. You will then want to give the release signal (tapping the chin upward slightly) and then say "take it!" this should bounce the biscuit up and your puppy will catch it in his mouth.
Most potential buyers of Papillon's want to know how big Papillon puppies will be as adult. The question of Papillon size is often asked in pounds. Any good Papillon breeder does not breed with weight as a goal. Papillon breeders who strive for show quality try to breed according to the Papillon breed standard. The Papillon Breed standard goes by height at the shoulder, not by weight. Because the amount of bone that Papillon's can have varies, so does the weight. A small Papillon, say at 9 inches, can weigh more than 10 lbs simply because of bone structure. Papillons should not be course, but they should have enough bone to compete safely in agility. Too fine a bone can be a problem and make the Papillon fragile. Too much bone can make any Papillon dog look heavier than they really are. Some may be better eaters than others, just like humans, these will weigh more, but are not actually bigger overall. Height is a much more accurate way to determine the size of an adult. And those that are not finicky eaters are easy to feed, as this also lessens the risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) when a toy breed is stressed. The weight of adult Papillon is determined by the height, amount of bone, and how well-fed they are.
Another issue that surprises new buyers is the speed of growth of Papillon puppies. Papillon puppies usually reach their full HEIGHT at around 6 months. Then they stop getting taller and start to mature. So--make no mistake--the HEIGHT of Papillon puppies at 6 months old will not double by the time it is a year old. And a Papillon is not fully mature until at least 2 years old, sometime till 2 1/2 years old.
Lots of coat and fringe on Papillon can give the impression that they are larger than they really are, especially in pictures. Also, show photos of a Papillon on a table give the illusion that it is bigger than it is in real life. Please take this into consideration when looking at a Papillon on the internet. Papillon may be smaller than they appear in the photos.
Breed standards vary from country to country. Imported Papillon tend to be larger (sometimes much larger) and coarser than American Papillon. They may also carry more fringe and coat, depending on the breeder and the bloodlines. Small, refined Papillon tends to be more common in American bloodlines or imported bloodlines that are crossed with American bloodlines at this time.
Some potential buyers mistakenly believe that a Papillon must have an all white body. This is NOT the breed standard. The body can have any number of patches of color in varying sizes. An all white body on Papillon is neither preferred nor disqualified.
2. Okay, the dog is allowed in the house, but only in certain rooms.
3. The dog is allowed in all rooms, but has to stay off the furniture.
4. The dog can get on the old furniture only, but has to stay off the new couch.
5. Fine, the dog is allowed on all the furniture, but is not allowed to sleep with the humans on the bed.
6. Okay, the dog is allowed on the bed, but only by invitation.
7. The dog can sleep on the bed whenever he wants, but not under the covers.
8. The dog can sleep under the covers by invitation only.
9. The dog can sleep under the covers every night.
10. Humans must ask permission to sleep under the covers with the dog.
My Dog's House
This is my dogs' house
They Live here
You'll find they roam freely
From the front to the rear
I'm pleased you came to visit
My dogs are also glad you're here
I hope that in their own way
They bring you a degree of cheer
But if my dogs upset you
Or if you simply find them a bore
Remember, this is my dogs' house
And I'll gladly show you the door
The Puppy Dog Place: If you're a proud puppy owner, or simply love dogs, you'll enjoy visiting The-Puppy-Dog-Place.com! There's lots of tips and advice to help you raise a happy, healthy puppy. Covers housebreaking, feeding, grooming, training, health care and much more. Tons of fun stuff for dog lovers too!.