The Biewer Yorkshire a la' Pom Pon is a tri-colored Yorkshire Terrier
Born from two Jr. Champion Traditional Yorkshire Terriers
The Original Biewer Yorkshire A' La Pom Pons were Yorkshire Terriers.
How the Biewer Yorkshire A la Pom Pon came to be is as follows:
In the 1970's Mr. Biewer purchased a lot of dogs from Streamglen Kennels, Streamglen Richard DOB: 10/6/1972(photo) and Streamglen Flora. Being 2 of them. Streamglen Richard was a consistent championship show winner and became German Champion (photo). Mr. Biewer raised most of his dogs from Streamglen Richard. (Image from the KC Calendar and Studbook 1974
These dogs were the foundation of what is known as the Biewer Yorkshire A la Pom-Pon
To get the Tri color, a recessive piebald gene was present in both dogs combined making the dominant gene. His tri -colored Yorkie was born from two traditional champion Yorkshire terriers.
Mr. Biewer continued to breed for the tri-colored Yorkshire Terriers.
From here he line bred/inbred to keep producing the Parti colored Yorkshire Terrier.
The tri color Yorkies at first were registered in VDH/KFT, but They designated them as being of "wrong color, not for breeding " KFT would register the tri-colors as long as they came from VDH/KFT registered Yorkies but if they were tri-colored the papers were marked as "Not For Breeding" So any of the offspring could not be registered. It is said Mr. Biewer then began his search for a registry that would accept his Tri color Yorkies. The ACH (Allgemeiner Club der Hundefreunde Deutschland) was the only club to accept them as a Biewer Yorkshire Terrier. In 1986 the dogs were officially registered as Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom Pon.
Mr. Biewer bred Darling von Friedheck to Fru Fru Von friedheck and on January 20, 1984 a beautiful tri colored Yorkshire Terrier was born, He named her Schneeflockchen Von Friedheck.
In 1989 when Mr. Biewer signed the standard for the Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon, it was that of a Yorkshire Terrier with the coloring being white-blue-gold. The standard was short and brief. The Biewer had a docked tail until May of 1998 when Germany outlawed docking. The tail was then left long.
On 05/23/2003 Dagmar Pryzstaw and Daniela Braun opened the 1. Deutsche Biewer Club, But after some time Dagmar Pryzstaw left the 1.Deutsche Biewer club because of conflicts with Daniela Braun. In September of 2004 Dagmar opened 2 new Biewer Clubs, the1.Deutscher Biewer Club and the International Biewer Club (IBC)
It has been said by some of the American Biewer Clubs that Mr. Biewer never bred back to the traditional Yorkie, Which is another Myth. Mr. Biewer bred Darling to several of his tri color females. He bred Darling to Grand Pom Pon to get Schneerose and he bred Darling to Schneeflokchen to get Schneewitten, and even as late as 1992 he was breeding to traditional color Yorkies when he bred Schneewirbel von Friedheck(tri) to Janny von Friedheck(a blue and tan Yorkie) to produce SCHNEE-MONSIEUR VON FRIEDHECK just to name a few.
Mr. Biewer died in 1997 and his wife Gertrude Biewer dispersed all the dogs and discontinued the breeding program.
After his death is when the USA started importing the Biewer Yorkshire A la Pom Pon and soon after Mr. Biewers line of Yorkies were shipped to the USA, several clubs were formed. They have changed its name and some have even changed the standard from which Mr. Biewer set.
In the USA the Biewer Clubs continue to disagree, some say it is a Yorkshire Terrier, some say it is a breed of its own, some say it's mixed with other breeds, each trying to get this little dog into AKC. Some even go so far as to say it is a cousin to the Yorkie.
Most of the Biewer Clubs in the United States believe in breeding only Biewer to Biewer, they say to keep the breed pure, Well, yes it does keep the breed pure because what they are doing is line-breeding, breeding a tri-color Yorkie to a tri-color Yorkie to produce tri-color Yorkies. That is what Mr. Biewer did; He bred his tri colors to each other to get Tri's. All are Yorkshire Terriers.
The history of where the Biewer begins is extremely important and should never be disregarded, shoved under the rug or just plain ignored as some of the Biewer clubs are doing. You cannot just go back to certain dogs like Fru Fru and Darling and say the history started there. There were more dogs involved in the path that Mr. Biewer took to get his tri colors than Fru Fru and Darling.
Careful breeding can cause a specific line within a breed to produce certain traits but genetics is genetics.
What genetic pool did Mr. Biewer use when developing this tri color dog? If the entire gene pool consisted of Yorkies with nonstandard colors and markings, then the end result would still have to be a Yorkie whatever the coloration. Being born another color (out of standard) of a breed does NOT make it a new breed.
Many in Germany and other countries do not practice the breeding of only Biewer to Biewer; they allow the traditional color Yorkies to be bred into the lines. Germany admitted that they did not have enough unrelated and healthy Biewer lines. If Germany feels they didn't have enough lines to breed only Biewer to Biewer, why do the American breeders feel they have enough unrelated and healthy lines? You have the same lines as the German breeders.
In Germany some health issues in the Biewers popped up, that came from all the inbreeding of Biewer to Biewer with not enough unrelated and healthy Biewer lines. More and more breeders in Germany no longer breed the Biewer, because of the health issues. And more and more German breeders that are still breeding feel it is necessary to breed their Biewers back to the Yorkshire terrier (and they do). They feel the Biewer is a Yorkshire Terrier, only the color makes the difference.
It is said that Mr. Biewer wanted recognition that the Biewer is a tricolored Yorkshire Terrier. That was the reason he left the VDH. That was the reason he called them "Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon". That was the reason he set the standard from the "Yorkshire Terrier", he only included the special color of the Biewer. It is only a Biewer if the puppy is born tri color; the ones born traditional colors are considered Yorkie splitters. So you can have both traditional and Biewer puppies born in the same litter but registered 2 different ways because of the color. You can read more about splitters HERE
Now Biewers come in chocolates, reds, gold's and creams. All colors the same color's that have been in the Yorkie line's for years. Breeders of these dogs are making new breeds of them.
They now have:
Biewer: Black/Blue, white and tan
Biro: Chocolate, Chocolate and white or chocolate tri-color
Gold Dust: Gold or gold and white
Ocean Pearl: Golden or reddish brown when young with black tips
So in a litter of puppies you can have 5 separate breeds depending on the color they come out.
Are they separate breeds from each other? If a Biewer is bred with a Gold dust and the puppy comes out chocolate, how do you register it? Is it registered as a Yorkshire Terrier or a Biro Biewer? Is a Biro only spotted or can it be solid Chocolate? It is much too complicated, so let's all call them what they are, "Yorkshire Terriers."
The Biewer is a line of Yorkies (Like the Durrer or Wildweir lines) that a man in Germany bred and called them after his own name. AKC will not accept the Biewer into the registry because they do not consider it to be a Yorkshire terrier (A color variation of the Yorkie).
Just sit down and rationally think about it, how did a dog born from two traditional Yorkshire Terriers become another breed? This is impossible unless another breed was bred into the line and if that is so, then it is not a true tri-color that came from Mr. Biewers dogs because all he bred were Yorkshire Terriers.
Mr. Biewer did in Germany that which is not accepted in the USA. He took a purebred Yorkshire terrier and gave it a new name, registered in a new club and called it a new breed so that they could be registered, bred and shown.
As AKC states: The FSS® is not open to "rare" breeds that are a variation of an AKC-registry breed or the result of a combination of two AKC-recognized breeds. This includes and is not limited to differences such as size (over and under), coat type, coat colors, and coat colors and/or types that are disqualifications from Conformation.
On December 10, 1976(8 Years before Mr. Biewers tri color) Joan Gordon and Janet Bennet had a tri color puppy born into their Champion Kennel (Wildweir) from their line. They decided to keep him and not put him down. They did register him with AKC, but as black and tan because AKC had no tri color classifications at that time. "Trippy" lived to be 12 years old. Joan said at the time Trippy was born quote "She had heard of Tri's being born in England and that the tri-color Yorkie was imported into Germany from English stock"
In the 80's Tri-color also showed up in the Champion Nikko's line of Yorkshire terriers, but the owner did not put them down, instead she passed them out the back door at pets.
The Nikkos line and the Biewer line of Tricolor Yorkies both trace back to the same dog, Streamglen Shaun. Streamglen Shaun was a Yorkshire Terrier, yet the Parti color Yorkie and the Biewer are considered separate breeds but yet have the same ancestors.
Tri-colored Yorkshire Terriers have been around as long as the breed has but was considered a disqualification of the breed and breeders either destroyed them or gave them away as pets.
An excerpt from an article written in The Yorkie Club Magazine 2008 on Colors and Texture by Hugo Ibanez, he states:
You must understand why we have so much trouble and tribulations with color and texture as well as other elements of type. As I indicated before, I was coming back to touch a bit of history. Learning a bit about Yorkie ancestors will give you a better understanding of our breed and the Yorkie founding fathers, the consequences and difficulties with which we are confronted today.
In 1845, one of them was described "resembling a Scotch (not Scottish) terrier, weight about 8 or 9 lbs., with good terrier head and eye but with a long body. The legs and muzzle only were tanned and hair on the body would be about 3 or 4 inches." His mate was described as "a drop-eared Sky under 12 lbs. with plenty of coat of blue shade but destitute of tan on any part of the body."
The third dog to play his part in the breed's foundation was "a bitch, an old English Terrier with tanned head, ears, legs and sort of grizzle back." Most of these English Terriers also had white markings.
These genes from these dogs are the beginning of our breed. It seems that after 163 years, those initial genes would have disappeared or have been diluted; apparently, they did no disappear, they just laid dormant, in sleep mode.
Some canine experts believe our purebred dogs are locked in a genetic trap due to the evolutionary and hereditary process. What does it all mean? It means that after so many years it is difficult to eliminate influences of breeds used in early foundation stock. Why? Well, it could be argued that at the beginning all were somewhat inbred, as any given breed would have a relatively small member of founding sire.
What are the consequences?
Well, as you can see we are attempting to breed the perfect dog from imperfect ancestors. 163 years seem legendary, but, genetically, Yorkies are newbies (babies)
As you can see our ancestors were "Tutti Frutti" which makes our breeding more complicated. Nevertheless, considering all the odds, we have succeeded in most of the elements of type. All we have to do to reassure our success just take a pick of pictures of Yorkies appearing in books and magazines from the last century, it would seem - to our reality now - that many were just pets.
No one knows better than you that as much we have progressed, we cannot get complacent; still the hill that we must climb is too steep.
So as you can see that in 1984 when Mr. Biewers Tri color Yorkie was born, it was neither a new breed nor a cross breed. It was a tri-colored Yorkie born from 2 traditional colored Jr. champion Yorkies the result of 2 parents carrying recessively for the Piebald gene and instead of putting this mismarked puppy down he decided to inbreed and line breed for more.